How to Print Name of Enumeration Values in C Programming

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An enumeration is a user-defined data type that consists of integral constants. To define an enumeration, keyword enum is used.

Here, name of the enumeration is flag.

And, const1, const2,…., constN are values of type flag.

By default, const1 is 0, const2 is 1 and so on. You can change default values of enum elements during declaration (if necessary).

Enumerated Type Declaration

When you create an enumerated type, only blueprint for the variable is created. Here’s how you can create variables of enum type.

Here, a variable check of type enum boolean is created.

Here is another way to declare same check variable using different syntax.

Example: Enumeration Type

Output

Day 4

Why enums are used in C programming?

Enum variable takes only one value out of many possible values. Example to demonstrate it,

Output

Size of enum variable = 4 bytes

It’s because the size of an integer is 4 bytes.

This makes enum a good choice to work with flags.

You can accomplish the same task using structures. However, working with enums gives you efficiency along with flexibility.

How to use enums for flags?

Let us take an example,

Suppose you are designing a button for Windows application. You can set flags ITALICS, BOLD and UNDERLINE to work with text.

There is a reason why all the integral constants are power of 2 in above pseudocode.

Since, the integral constants are power of 2, you can combine two or more flags at once without overlapping using bitwise OR | operator. This allows you to choose two or more flags at once. For example,

Output

5

When the output is 5, you always know that bold and underline is used.

Also, you can add flag to your requirements.

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